1. on the street / in the street

表示在街上时,on the street 和 in the street 都可以,在美国多用on the street, 在英国多用in the street. 例如:

We have a house in the street. 我们在街上有座房子。

I met him on the street. 我在街上遇见了他。

2. would like / like

would like 和 like含义不同。like 意思是喜欢,爱好,而 would like 意思是想要。试比较:

I like beer.=I'm fond of beer. 我喜欢喝啤酒。

I'd like a glass of beer= I want a glass of beer. 我想要一杯啤酒。

Do you like going to the cinema? 你喜欢看电影吗?

Would you like to go to the cinema tonight? 你今晚想去看电影吗?

3. another / the other

(1)another 通常用于三个或三个以上或不确定数量中的任意一个人或 物体。 例如:

May I have another apple, please? 请在给我一个苹果好吗?

This coat is too small for me. Please show me another这件外套我穿太小,请再给我拿一件看看。

(2)the other 通常指两者中的另一个。例如:

He has two rulers. One is short. The other is long. 他有两把尺子,一把短的,另一把长的。

I have two brothers. One works in Xi'an . The other works in Beijing. 我有两个兄弟,一个在西安工作,另一个在北京工作。

4. have to /must

(1)have to和 must 都可以用来谈论义务,但用法略有不同。如果某人主观上觉得必须去做而又想去时,常用must。如果谈论某种来自外界的义务,常用have to。例如:

I must stop smoking. 我必须戒烟。(自己想戒烟)

They have to work for the boss.


(2)have to 可用于多种时态,must 只能用于一般现在时。例如:

I'll have to get up early tomorrow morning.明天早晨我必须早早起床。

We had to work long hours every day in order to get more money.


(3)用于否定句时,mustn't意思是决不能,禁止,而don't have to意思是不必,相当于needn't。例如:

You mustn't be late again next time.下一次你决不能再迟到。

You don't have to go there today. You can go there tomorrow.


5. hear sb. or sth.doing sth. / herar sb. or sth. do sth.

hear sb. or sth.doing sth.意思是听到某人或某物在做某事,而hear sb. or sth. do sth.意思是听到某人或某物做过某事。试比较:

I hear him singing an English song.听见他在唱英歌曲。

I heard him sing an English song.我听见他唱一首英文歌。

类似hear 这种用法的还有see, watch, listen, feel等感官动词。

6. any /some

any和some 都可以同不可数名词和可数名词的复数形式连用,但some一般用在肯定句中;any用在疑问句和否定句中。试比较:

I want some money. 我想要点钱。

Have you any money? 你有钱吗?

I don't have any money. 我一点钱也没有。

some 有时也用于疑问句,表示说话人期待一个肯定回答或鼓励人家说是。例如:

Would you like some more beer?请你再来点啤酒好吗?

Could I have some rice, please?请给我来点米饭好吗?

7. hear /listen to

listen to 和hear 都有听的意思,但含义有所不同。Listen to强调听的动作,hear 强调听的结果。例如:

Listen to me ,please! I'm going to tell you a story. 请听我说!我给你们讲个故事。

Listen! Can you hear someone crying in the next room? 听!你能听见有人在隔壁房间里哭吗?

I listened, but heard nothing.我听了听,但什么也听不见。

hear 后面如果接宾语从句,常常表示听说。例如:

I hear some foreign students will visit our school.我听说一些外国学生将要访问我们学校。

I hear there is going to be a film in our school this evening.我听说今晚我们学校要演一场电影。

8. Let's… /Let us…

Let's… 和Let us… 都表示让我们……, 如果us 包括听话人在内,其含义相同,附带问句用shall we. 如果us 不包括听话人在内,其含义不同,Let us…的附带问句要用will you。例如:

Let's go shopping, shall we? 我们去购物好吗?

9. take/ bring/ carry /get

这四个动词都有拿和带的意思,但含义有所不同。take意为带走,拿走,bring意为带来,拿来, get表示到别的地方把某人或某物带来或拿来,carry不强调方向,带有负重的意思。试比较:

My parents often take me there on holidays.我父母常常带我到那里去度假。

I'm going to take you to Beijing.我准备带你去北京。

Bring me a cup of tea, please.请给我端杯茶来。

I'll bring the book to you tomorrow.明天我把那本书给你带来。

The waiter carried the me to the table服务员把肉送到桌上。

The monkey carried the bag on her back.猴子把那个包背在背上。

She went back to get her handbag.他折回去拿他的手提包。

Let me get the doctor.让我去请医生吧。

10. far away /faraway

(1)far away是一个副词短语,意思是很远。例如:

Some are far away. Some are nearer.有些离得很远,有些离得近一些的。

The village is far away from here.那个村子离这儿很远。


He lives in faraway mountain village.他住在一个遥远的小山村。

11. find / look for

find和look for 都有找的意思,但含义不同。find 强调找的结果,而look for 强调找的过程。请看下列例句:

He is looking for his bike.他在找他的自行车。

I'm looking for my watch, but can't find it.我在找我的手表,但是找不到。

I hope you will soon find your lost ring.希望你尽快找到丢失的戒指。


I found a wallet in the desk.我在课桌里发现了一个钱包。

I find this book very interesting.我觉得这本书很有意思。

12. in front of /in the front of

In front of 表示在某物的前面,不在某物的范围内。In the front of 表示在某物的前部,在某物的范围内。试比较:

My seat is in front of Mary's.我的座位在玛丽座位的前面。

He is sitting in the front of the car with the driver.他和司机坐在小车的前部。